ZIPO, ZIUSA, ZAUS, ZRA-E te thu ~ Zam King Mang
Zomi Innkuan Portland Oregon Khuado Saturday October 9, 20212021 Pu Zam King Mang thugen (ZIPO, ZIUSA, ZAUS, ZRA-E te thu)
Zomite minam kician ngeina kician neite i hih mah bangin i omna tek-ah i ngeina te kem cingin, gam le hun tawh ki zui in i thupit sak ding kisam hi.
Khuado pen Zomi ta in athupi ngeina khat hi. AD 1400 hun, Ciimnuai ah innpi pa Pu Tuah Ciang in Khuado nabawl ahih man in Khuado akibawl zawh kum 620 cing khin ta hi.
“Khuado” pen, Zopau in akicing khin hi in, Kawlpau “Pawi = Festival” ki behlap in “Khuado Pawi” ki ci hi. Lungdambawl, Kumthak icih mah bang in “KHUADO’ cileeng akicing sitset ahihi.
Khuado ni kiciangtan lohi, anlak khit September October, Kha-liik (Full moon) hun in kibawl hamtang hi. Khua bup tangpi tawh kisai ahih manin, khualzin gam vak te tun hun mipite om kim hun ding in hausa le upa te’in geel uhhi. Portland Khuado October 2nd Saturday ni in kibawl zelhi.
Khuado pen kumlui leh kumthak khenna hunpi khat hi. Zolai simbu sungah “K – Khuado pawi kum khen pawi” ci in kisin hi. Khanglui ten “la i cihin thu hi,” a cih bangin Khuado a kisa la dawng khat ah kum kikhen thu na gen hi. Khanglui lai in kum ciamteh na kinei lo in kha bek ki sim hi.
Abul: “Kum kikhen e sawlkha dang e, ziin in a vang khua zong hen aw, Adawn: Ziin in a vang khua zong hen aw, Sian sung tui bang siang hen aw.
Abul: Tukawl tawi kum khua i khen na, Ningzu khum leh aisa aw e, Adawn: Ningzu khum leh aisa aw e, khan kum sawt ciam lai leng e”
Khuado ciang in khuai kila hi. Khangluite in mai kum maban ding theihnopna in Khuaibu leh a note om zia en-un hi. Hong tung ding kum ah, kum hoih ding maw/sia ding, an hau ding maw/ kialtung ding, bangci ding, cih te kigen khol thei ci-in gen uh hi.
Khuado ni masa pen ni in “Meilah” kila in, meilahte kivaak zihziah ahih manin khuado in Kawlte mei-det pawi, tawh kibang cih theih hi.
Khuado ciang in dawi le kau hawl-khia hi. Innsung, khuasung sian- suah na zong kinei hi. I pu ipate upna ah mihingte a nasak, a sisak leh mihingte tunga tuahsiatna tuamtuam a tungsak pen dawi leh kaute ngawh uh hi. Meilah ki vaak in Dawi leh kaute dona notkhiat na, hawl khiat nakinei hi.
Pasal tangzang khat in khut lang khat lamah meilah det-kawmin, tu-ga, hei-ga, singkhuah tawi-in inn sung tawng pan kipan in inntung innnuai kawm teng bansat hi, kong biang a tun ciangin a tu-ga dai pua denna in, “A khebuuk, a ngaltak sat kha ing ei,” ci-in a meilah khen nih suahin, lom khat khang gawl-ah, lom khat sak gawl-ah nusia hi. Hih pen dawite hong lut kik ngam nawn lohna ding dalna hi.
“Dawi hang kau hang aw, na zun na ek namsia, Na ni na kha cingta, na zi nata ten hong lametna sawt ta, Na inn na lo ah ciah! zuan in” ci in dawi-te kau-te ki hawlkhia hi.
Khuado ciangin a si sate zong kiphawk in han ah daihawh in ki pai hi. Tanglai i pu i pate in misi sate kha han-ah teng ding in um uh hi. Misi lu-guh te beh-han ah ki koih hi. Khuado ciang in nupite han ah vahawh in zu le sa, tuibuk, buhman, tangho cih bangin a lim theithei va puak uh hi.
(Abul) Dona lingling, do na lingling e, gual in kumkhua dona ling ling e, (Adawn) Gualin kumkhua do na lingling e, do han ah nau bang va kap tang e. (Lian Do han ah kahna) Etkakte: Zomi Khuado pawi tangthu ~ Thang Khan Lian
The term “Khuado” is a combination of two word – khua and do. Khua means a village or town. Khua indicates night time or darkness or whether i.e., khua-vak, khua-dam. Khua also refers to the deity Khuanu/ Khuazing. ‘Do’ on the other hand means to defend one or to attack.
Khuado, actually is the Harvest Festival and New Year celebration combine together. Khuado marks the end cycle of farming year and welcomes the new year. It is also the time of cleansing houses and the whole village in a ritual of exorcism of evil spirits. “Kum kikhen e, solkha dang ee, ziin in vang khua zong hen aw. Sian sung tuibang siang hen aw.” “The years are parting, the moon turns different, evil spirit would have left and the house will be clean like water”
Origin of Khuado: Some claim that Khuado would have been celebrated as early in Ciimnuai era as the time of Innpipa (headman/chief) Pu Tuah Ciang, around 1400 AD. In that case Khuado must have been celebrated more than 620 years by now.
Khuado is the most popular and the biggest festival of the year celebrated by the Zomi. Khuado takes place at the time after harvest. It falls during the Zo-months of Phal kha and Kau kha, in October. It is celebrated at different times in different villages due to that harvest time differs from place to place. But each village celebrates Khuado at the most appropriate time as chosen by the village priest, headman and elders considering fine weather, full moon and the time everyone is in the village.
Khuado is an occasion in which the villagers fight back the evil spirit and engage themselves in a sort of spirituality. Khuado is the cleansing of the house and the whole village in a ritual of exorcism of evil spirits, by lighting pine torches symbolizing the evil spirits are driven away and they do not re-enter the village. The light also are intended to welcome good spirits to come and reside in the village in the hope of brining good fortunes to the people.
During Khuado beehive is inspected by the priest and elders in order to predict if the coming year is promising with good harvest, good weather. Thus, one best significant beehive is chosen and bring to the village. By observing the behavior of the bee larvae and pupae, the priest predicts for the coming year will be good harvest with plenty of crop or a misfortune year. However, by tradition, the priest announces a good year ahead regardless of what the beehive indicates Etkakte: Khuado Festival: The Zomi New Year ~ Dr. Dongno
Zomi Innkuan Portland Oregon (ZIPO) kipatna thu
Zomi sung pan Portland Oregon khua ah innkuan in ateeng masa pen, Rev. Zam King Mang te innkuan hi, June 24, 1994 in na tung uh hi. Mimal in Pu Ai Mung 1993 kum in Portland ah na tungmasa hi. 1993 kum mah in Rev. Dr. JM Pau Western Seminary ah sangkah ding in natung hi.
2004 kum in Zomi Innkuan Portland Oregon (ZIPO) ki phuankhia hi. Zomi Innkuan vai khat pepeuh a kigel ciangin innkuan vaihawm in ki vaihawm hi. Pu Zam King Mang in makaipi president sem in, Pu Kham Go Pau in thusapi secretary ong sem uh hi. 2007 kum ciang in Pu Thang Suan Khup in makaipi leh Tg. Cin Hau Mung secretary in ong sem hi. Maban ong zom-to makai te tung lung dam hi.
Zomi Innkuan USA (ZIUSA) kipatna ah ZIPO ki helna thu
2000 kum in “Florida Zomi Innkuan” ki phuan khia in, 2001 kum in “Zomi Innkuan Washington D.C” ki phuan khia hi. March 26, 2005 ni in Florida Zomi Innkuan te makaihna tawh, A (1) veina Zomi Innkuan USA khawmpi kinei hi. ZIUSA ki patkhiat na ding in, akihel masa Zomi Innkuan (6) teng:-1. Florida Zomi Innkuan 2. Zomi Innkuan Washington D.C 3. Zomi Innkuan Chicago 4. Appalachain Zomi Innkuan 5. Zomi Innkuan Oklahoma 6. Zomi Innkuan Portland Oregon.
2005 August 22, ni-in Tulsa ah A (2) na Zomi Innkuan Khawmpi kibawl hi. Tualai ah Zomi Innkuan U.S.A Constitution leh By-law (first draft) ki gelh hi. A masapen ZIUSA EC mi 7 kitel na ah ah ZIPO president pu Rev. Zam King Mang ZIUSA EC member in kitel hi. A (4) veina ZIUSA khawmpi ah 2007-2008 Board of Directors ding in Rev. Zam King Mang zong kitel kik hi. Etkakte: Zomi Innkuan Washington D.C. Area http://www.zomidc.org/ziusa.htm
Zomi Association of USA kipatna thu le ZRA-E thu
Portland city council, Oregon State le U.S. Federal kumpi te tawh nasep khop na ding in 501(c) 3 non-profit kipawlna kisam ahih man in, Zomi Association of USA March 6, 2009 ni in ki phuan khia hi. Chairman Rev. Zam King Mang, secretary Mang Suan Pau in semuh hi. Tulaitak president Pu S.B. Suan Khan Langh, secretary Pu Dai Za Khual in sem uh hi. Tuni dong maban ki zomto thei lai hi.
Kawlgam ah Zomi Army khat nei-in panmun neih-na ding leh United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) le Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) ah kihel nading gelna leh ngimna in ZAUS in 2013 kum in ZRA-E tawh maa pang khawm hi. 2015 Oct 15 ni in President U Thein Sein le EAOs pawlkhat kilemna suaikaihna nei uh hi.
Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement was sign between the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the Ethnic Armed Organizations on 15 Oct 2015.
UNFC is the parent organization of the Federal Union Army. (FUA Dates of operation 16 February 2011 – present). It was established to protect areas with ethnic nationalities. Ceasefire members: Chin National Front, Karen National Union, Karenni Army, Lahu Democratic Union, New Mon State Party, Pa-O National Organization, Shan State Army – North Non-ceasefire members: Arakan Army, Kachin Independence Army, Ta’ang National Liberation Army, Wa National Organisation, Zomi Revolutionary Army, Kuki National Army. https://en.wikipedia.org